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Concrete Casting News from the Hill and Griffith Company

Article Review: Concrete Formed Surface Classifications & Specifications

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Jul 18, 2019 1:06:30 PM

Details on classifications & specifications for surface finishes

An excerpt from the July/August 2019 issue of Precast Inc., by Eric Carleton, P.E., NPCA's director of codes and standards.

Evaluating_and_Diagnosing_Concrete_Formed_Surface_Imperfections

Less is better when spraying concrete form release agents on concrete forms.

In 1975, the International Council for Building Research established a general classification of formed surfaces which is referenced in the most recent edition of ACI 301.2R, "Identification and Control of Visible Effects of Consolidation on Formed Concrete Surfaces."

Those classifications are:

  1. Rough - No special requirements for finishing
  2. Ordinary - surface finishing has a minor factor
  3. Elaborate - definite requirements for visual appearance
  4. Special - highest standards for appearance [considered architectural]

Within ACI 347R-14, "Guide to Formwork for Concrete," there is a similar class system to differentiate concrete surface evaluation based on application:

  1. Class D - minimum quality requirement for surfaces where roughness is not objectionable, usually applied where surfaces will be permanently concealed.
  2. Class C - general standard for permanently exposed surfaces where other finishes are not specified
  3. Class B - intended for coarse-textured, concrete form surfaces intended to receive plaster, stucco or wainscoting
  4. Class A - suggested for surfaces prominently exposed to public view where appearance is of special importance

ACI 301-16, "Specifications for Structural Concrete," provides more detailed information.

5.3.3.3(a) Surface finish-1.0 (SF-1.0):

  • No formwork facing material is specified
  • Patch voids larger than 1-1/2-inch wide or 1/2-inch deep
  • Remove projections larger than 1 inch
  • Tie holes need not be patched
  • Surface tolerance Class D as specified in ACI 117-10, "Specification for Tolerances for Concrete Construction and Materials and Commentary."
  • Mockup not required

5.3.3.3(b) Surface finish-2.0 (SF-2.0):

  • Patch voids larger than 3/4-inch wide or 1/2-inch deep
  • Remove projections larger than 1/4 inch
  • Patch Tie holes
  • Surface tolerance Class B as specified in ACI 117
  • Unless otherwise specified, provide mockup of concrete surface appearance and texture

5.3.3.3(c) Surface finish-3.0 (SF-3.0):

  • Patch voids larger than 3/4-inch wide or 1/2-inch deep
  • Remove projections larger than 1/8 inch
  • Patch Tie holes
  • Surface tolerance Class A as specified in ACI 117
  • Provide mockup of concrete surface appearance and texture

5.3.3.5 Unspecified as - cast-finishes - if a surface finish is not specified, provide the following finishes:

  • SF-1.0 on concrete surfaces not exposed to view
  • SF-2.0 on concrete surfaces exposed to view

For the full article, please visit the Precast.org site.


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
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Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
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 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Release Agents, Concrete Casting Supplies, Precast Concrete, Gricote, Precast Inc Magazine

Article Review: Evaluating and Diagnosing Formed Surface Imperfections

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Jul 11, 2019 4:18:57 PM

Precast formed concrete surface problems and how to identify and correct them

An excerpt from of the article found in the July/August 2019 issue of Precast Inc., by Eric Carleton, P.E., NPCA's director of codes and standards.

Evaluating_and_Diagnosing_Concrete_Formed_Surface_Imperfections

Less is better when spraying concrete form release agents on concrete forms.

Green Bay Packers Coach Vince Lombardi said, “Perfection is not attainable, but if we chase perfection, we can catch excellence.” Precast manufacturers try to make perfect products, but like most things, attaining complete perfection is elusive if not impossible. While the goal is to attain perfection, precasters recognize the economic and production realities that some product irregularities will occur. The goal is to mitigate imperfections while still maintaining tolerances and meeting owners’ expectations.

For (precast) formed concrete surfaces, many problems can be narrowed down to three practices: consolidation or vibration, form set up and maintenance, and form oil/release agent application.

Common issues:

  1. Bugholes
    1. Poor or improper concrete consolidation
    2. Excessive application of form release oil or agent
  2. Honeycombing
  3. Cracking
  4. Fins
  5. Form Bleed
  6. Poor Form Fit
  7. Sand Streaking
  8. Layering Marks
  9. Cold Joint
  10. Staining
  11. Color Continuity

Regardless of the end use, a well-cast product, free of formed surface irregularities, provides an excellent representation of a quality operation.

For the full article, please visit the Precast.org site.


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Release Agents, Concrete Casting Supplies, Precast Concrete, Gricote, Precast Inc Magazine

Employees drive safety and product quality in American precast concrete pipe plants

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Jul 5, 2019 3:25:38 PM

Producer members of the American Concrete Pipe Associa­tion empower their employees to introduce new ways to elevate the safety of workspaces and improve product quality.

As published in the March 2019 issue of CONCRETE PLANT INTERNATIONAL, by Russell Tripp, P.E., President, American Concrete Pipe Association, USA

Qualtity Precast Concrete Pipe 2

The O-ring guard developed by Forterra Pipe and Precast (Lorena Texas Plant) improves control when installing or removing O-rings following production

Each year, employees and their companies are celebrated at the ACPA's Pipe School/Pipe Show with safety and quality awards. At the 2019 Pipe School/Pipe Show, top awards were presented for a clip gun guard; O-ring snap band guard/remover; visual job task analysis; batch plant operator training, product tags, and a lift hole spreader. The Chairman's Safety Award recognizes plants and/or companies that have implemented successful safety initiatives that result in a safer and more productive workplace. The Chairman's Quality Award recognizes member plants and/or com­panies that have implemented successful innovations result­ing in higher quality products and more efficient production processes. 

Chairman's Safety Award - Company-Wide
Winner of the 2018 Chairman's Safety award was Rinker Materials - Dallas, TX for the Clip Gun Guard. The guard devel­oped after several employee's received injuries to hands and fingers when using the tool. Development of the guard in­cluded the manufacturer of the clip gun and plant personnel. The Clip Gun Guard is now used at all Rinker Facilities and a safety feature for the manufacturer.

Chairman's Safety Award - Equipment-Related - O-Ring Guard
O-ring snap bands, that can be very large in diameter, are no­torious for their uncontrolled springing action. When they are removed, they are awkward and can spring in many direc­tions. The O-ring guard developed by Forterra Pipe and Pre­cast (Lorena Texas Plant) improves control when installing or removing O-rings following production.

Chairman's Safety Award - Individual Facility - Visual Job Task Analysis (JTA)
JTA is a very difficult system to incorporate in heavy manufac­turing. There are many activities occurring simultaneously. The visual JTA introduced by Rinker Materials - Pipe Division (Cor­porate) uses a tablet to allow leaders to easily access video of safe processes in the work area and provide training to new or transferred employees. Documenting training for Job Task Analysis is digital and accessible.

Qualtity Precast Concrete Pipe 3

The Clip Gun Guard was developed after several employees received injuries to hands and fingers when using the tool.

Chairman's Quality Award - Company-Wide Best Practice - Batch Plant Operator Training
Production of high-quality products begin with batch plant operators. The company-wide quality goal of Rinker Materials - Pipe Division (Corporate) is to achieve a "Batch Plant Oper­ator Training Certificate." Training provides further under­standing of the batching system features. Batch Plant Training also serves to train backup operator(s) at each plant who pos­sess a much stronger understanding of the control system and "concrete science."

Chairman's Quality Award - Company-Innovation (Product Tags)
Northern Concrete Pipe, Inc. was looking for a way to ensure that cages produced in advance of production would be used for the correct project and/or product. The company wanted to be certain that any reinforcing that is unique is easily iden­tifiable, and to ensure that no reinforcement cages would be placed into production before inspection and release by qual­ity control personnel.

Product tags are now fastened to pre-assembled reinforcing cages and color coded when reinforcing is unique, such as, when a cage has a block out, anchors, no spigot, or is pro­duced to a specific lay length. The information on the tags en­sures that when reinforcing cages are produced for similar projects or products, the reinforcing will not get mixed. Ac­countability and the ability to track repeat mistakes and pro­vide training is assured when the person that assembled the reinforcing signs the ticket. Tags eliminate cages from being placed into production without pre-pour inspection. Color coding makes everyone aware that reinforcing is unique and what is unique about it.

Chairman's Quality Award - Individual Plant Process Improvement - Lift Hole Spreader
Lift holes in heavily reinforced products are challenging to place. Northern Concrete Pipe, Inc. does not allow the use of torches on cages and wanted a better way to keep cages specified without sacrificing safety or increasing employee ex­ertion. The lift hole spreader accurately places lift hole openings in reinforcement cages and eliminates wire showing in lift holes while reducing worker stress. By eliminating exposed wire in lift holes, contractors use their lifting apparatus correctly and efficiently. This innovation reduces the chance for leakage around exposed wires to penetrate the wall of the product.

QCast Plant Certification Program
Both the safety and quality awards are reinforced by the ACPA's QCast Plant Certification Program, which is the recog­nized standard for quality assurance in America's concrete pipe industry. Plants may be certified in storm sewer and cul­vert pipe, sanitary sewer, box culverts, three-sided structures, manholes, and precast structures.

Qualtity Precast Concrete Pipe 1


QCast is a voluntary program to continue the advancement of quality in the precast concrete pipe and products industry. Each year the manual for the program is reviewed and when necessary updated to accommodate industry-wide standards revisions, and changes in production technology. The manual requires that management ensure that the supervisory and production personnel immediately responsible for product quality are properly trained. The training results in innovation in safety and quality that is recognized industry-wide.

The safety and quality awards, and the QCast program are el­ements of the ACPA's Quality School held each year at the be­ginning of the heavy production season. The 4-day school is attended by veteran employees and new hires alike. Employ­ers encourage their production staff to attend and return to their workplaces with certificates attesting to their compe­tence in modern production techniques, reinforcement, con­crete mixing, batching and transport, self-consolidating con­crete, consolidation, pre and post-pour inspection, curing and fundamental calculations.

The high quality of concrete pipe and the production facilities of member companies are represented by ACPA's safety and quality awards, QCast certification program and Quality School. But it is the friendly competition between members for the awards, and then sharing the knowledge associated with the entries that result in safe workplaces and greater ef­ficiencies in production. There is no doubt that the Chairman's Safety Award and Chairman's Quality Award drive innovation that is characteristic of the concrete pipe plants of ACPA's pro­ducer members.

American Concrete Pipe Association
8445 Freeport Parkway, Suite 350, Irving, Texas 75063-2595, USA T +1 972-506-7216, F +1 972-506-7682
info@concretepipe.org
rtripp@concretepipe.org
www.concretepipe.org


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
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 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Release Agents, Concrete Casting Supplies, Precast Concrete, Gricote, Concrete Plant International Magazine

More is Better in Baseball - Less Release Agent is Better in Precast Concrete

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Jun 28, 2019 5:27:07 PM

The Perfect Release with Grifcote concrete form release agents that are readily and inherently biodegradable.

Less is better with Precast Concrete From Release 4

Grifcote® products are the most widely used concrete form release agents in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico.

All release agents are easily sprayed, swabbed or wiped.

More Beer is Better - Less Release Agent is Better with Precast Concrete

Less is better with Precast Concrete From Release 3

Gifcote products are non-staining and ready to use with no mixing needed and offer many unique features to improve concrete separation from forms, pallets and molds.

Grifcote carries a non-flammable/noncombustible rating and is considered DOT hazardous material exempt. Drivers DO NOT need to be HM 126 or use placards. We’ve engineered Grifcote products to have low odor and flash points above 260 degrees Fahrenheit to keep workers safe.

Grifcote is chemically formulated to help reduce the formation of bug holes. Reactive fatty acid/methyl esters react with free lime. The reactive ingredients in Grifcote creates a metallic soap that eases separation from the form.

All products comply with all federal or state regulations regarding concrete release agents.

More Speed is Better on the Lake - Less is Better in Precast Concrete Release Agent

Less is better with Precast Concrete From Release 1

And are classified as either readily biodegradable, with a half-life of 28 days or less or inherently bio-degradable with a half-life of 60 days or less.

Grifcote is EPA VOC compliant. With less than 250 grams per liter of Volatile Organic Compounds Grifcote is compliant in all 50 States and Canada.

Spraying form release agents on mixers and equip-ment reduces labor and cleanup at the end of the day eliminating concrete adhering to the equipment.

Coverage rates are determined by the person applying the material and the low viscosity of Grifcote. In all cases, the “Thinner is better” concept applies for maximum coverage and best release and finish.

You can purchase Grifcote products in drums, 300-gallon totes or bulk tanks. Grifcote has indefinite freeze/thaw cycles. You don’t need to worry about Grifcote degradation due to temperature changes.

FR-50-VOC is the work horse for the concrete industry.

More Speed is Better in Racing - Less is Better in Precast Concrete Release Agent Application

Less is better with Precast Concrete From Release 2

Grifcote form release agents are designed for specific industry applications including: precast, pipe, burial vault, prestressed and other similar applications.

PR-SS-VOC is designed for Packerhead pipe operations and those really tough release jobs. Give us your toughest release challenge and we’ll recommend an economical solution. 

CC-150-VOC is used to season concrete forms for the best release.

The Hill and Griffith Company works closely with pipe and form equipment manufactures to provide optimum release characteristics.

LV-50 Plus was created specifically for use with potable water and for seasoning forms. It is NSF (ANSI 61) approved for use with potable water with some restrictions in specific applications.

 

Happy Fourth of July week!


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Release Agents, Concrete Casting Supplies, Precast Concrete, Gricote

Review: "Guide for Surface Finish of Formed Concrete"

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Dec 6, 2018 1:05:46 PM

(This week's post is a review of the American Society of Concrete Construction's "Guide for Surface Finish of Formed Concrete." You can read it at Google Books here.)

Amazon Book's summary (April 1, 1999), "Exactly what is a smooth-form finish? What is a rough-form finish? To what extent are bugholes, voids and fins acceptable in each type? This easy-to-use guide explains and illustrates the answers to these questions and, even more importantly, serves as the standard for the differences between as-cast structural concrete finishes. The succinct, yet thorough, text includes a glossary and a handy table on as-cast finishes. But the guide's Presentation Photos are what make it truly unique. Three sets of 6 different, full-scale photographs depict various as-cast finishes, with bugholes and voids ranging from 1/16" or less to 2" across. Attach a Presentation Photo to a bid or specification to show what surface finish is to be expected."

Surface Finish of Formed Concrete.jpg 

 

(Jan 1, 2005 edition from Google Books)

Form Release Agents

Release agents are differentiated from form coatings or sealers that are usually applied in liquid form to contact surfaces either during manufacture or in the field. Coatings and sealers serve one or more of the following purposes:

  • Alter the texture of the contact surface 
  • Improve the durability of the contact surface
  • protect the contact surface from moisture

Release agents, on the other hand, are applied to the contact surface of the forms to prevent bond to the concrete and thus facilitate stripping. They can be applied to form materials during manufacture or applied to the form before each use. Manufacturers' recommendations should be followed in the use of coatings, sealers, and release agents (Reference 10-11), but ACI 347 recommends independent investigation of performance before using a new product.

There is no ACI standard to define these products, but the term form oil is frequently applied to petroleum compounds originally intended for other applications such as diesel fuel or heating oil, while release agent more often refers to products containing proprietary reactive ingredients specifically formulated for use on concrete forms. Release agents are commonly classified on the basis of how they act instead of what is in them. The two basic categories are barrier agents and chemically active agents, sometimes called reactive agents. Some release agents are a combination of the two types.

Barrier type releases agents create a physical barrier between the form surface and the fresh concrete, preventing the concrete from sticking to the form. Familiar examples are home heating oil, diesel oil, and used motor oil. U.S. environmental regulations prohibit the sale of these commodities as release agents, but they have been widely used because they are inexpensive and readily available. They are applied in relatively thick films, covering 200 to 600 sq ft per gallon, and such heavy applications can increase surface staining and bugholes on the concrete surface. If coated forms are left for several days before concrete is placed, barrier oils may evaporate, possibly leading to some sticking of the concrete to the form.

Chemically active or reactive agents contain an active ingredient that may be dissolver in an oil-based carrier or emulsified in a water-based carrier. The active ingredient is typically some type of fatty acid derived from plant or animal sources, and it combines chemically with calcium ions in the fresh concrete. The reaction product is a thin layer of what chemists refer to as a grease or metallic soap or salt; non-water-soluble, it permits the form to release readily from the hardened concrete.

The reactive fatty acid components are generally considered biodegradable and have found favor in the past decade because of increasingly stringent environmental regulations. For similar reasons, manufacturers have also been turning to water-based carriers, which will probably be subject to freezing.

 


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete, Casting Solutions, Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Casting Supplies, Concrete Casting, Concrete Safety, Precast Concrete, Bio Gold Concrete Form Release, Gricote, Concrete Form Release Agent

American Concrete Institute's Frequently Asked Questions - "Form Release Agents"

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Jun 7, 2018 3:46:19 PM

Form release agents

Review of an article published by the American Concrete Institute's "Frequently Asked Questions" section of their website.

Form Release Agent

Q. I need to select a form release agent for a new project requiring an architectural finish. Can you provide information on different types of form release agents and recommendations for using them? Does ACI have a publication on form release agents I could use as a reference?

A. Form release agents ease formwork removal, extending the useful life of a form and improving the smoothness and texture of concrete surfaces. Two main types are available: barrier and chemically active.

Barrier-type agents (examples include diesel oil, wax, and silicone) create a barrier between the form and the concrete. These are not recommended for architectural concrete, because they can cause stains, surface air voids, and problems with form removal in very cold or very hot weather; they also may prevent subsequent adhesion of coatings to the hardened concrete. While diesel oil was once commonly used, it’s now prohibited because the associated volatile organic content (VOC) emissions contribute to smog. (Note: In the United States, form release agents have to meet federal VOC limits of 450 g/L [3.8 lb/gal.] and may have to meet more restrictive limits of 250 g/L [2.2 lb/gal.] in some states.)

Chemically active form release agents (certain types of fatty acids) react with calcium ions in the cement paste to produce a soap that prevents concrete from bonding to the formwork. Based on the reactivity, they are divided into buffered (partially) reactive and fully reactive. Buffered agents produce an improved soap film that helps remove entrapped air and may promote better flow of a thin skin of cement paste at the surface of the form. Fully reactive agents can provide a good basic soap film that, depending on the brand, works well in most cases. Because chemically active form release agents produce fewer bugholes, stains, and surface irregularities than barrier type of form release agents, they are commonly used for architectural concrete.

For more information on this topic refer to ACI 347R “Guide to Formwork for Concrete”, ACI 303R “303R-12 Guide to Cast-in-Place Architectural Concrete Practice”, and ACI 533R “Guide for Precast Concrete Wall Panels”. 

References: ACI 347R-14; ACI 303R-12; ACI 533R-11

ABOUT ACI

  • The American Concrete Institute (ACI) is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development, distribution and adoption of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete.


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete, Casting Solutions, Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Casting Supplies, Concrete Casting, Concrete Safety, Precast Concrete, Bio Gold Concrete Form Release, Gricote, Concrete Form Release Agent, Form Release Agents

Review of Precast Concrete Form Maintenance Article in PRECAST INC Magazine

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on Jun 1, 2018 12:57:27 PM

Besides Bob Waterloo's Featured article, "How To Lose a Customer in 10+ Easy Ways," the recent issue of PRECAST INC has some great tips from industry professionals about precast concrete form maintenance. Here are some highlights from the artcle.

Form manufacturers and precasters were asked several questions related to form maintenance and form safety. Below are the questions and answers from the responders. 

precast-concrete-form-maintenance-1

What steps should precasters be taking to keep their formwork in good working condition? 

"Using a quality form release and cleaning forms with every use will keep the
face of the forms clean for many years. The other best practice to increase the life of your equipment is to avoid hammering on them as much as possible - abstinence is the best policy here!" - Jim Aylward, Western Forms

"Keep forms clean, since build up can change the center of gravity on pieces and parts. Keep forms oiled for easier stripping." - Blythe Coons, Spillman Company

precast-concrete-form-maintenance-2

Any tips or best practices you would like to share with precasters to help increase the lifespan of their formwork and to ensure safety? 

"Biggest tips on increasing the life of aluminum formwork: 
1. Invest in quality.
2. Use quality form release
(reactive release designed for aluminum forms) to keep the forms clean.
3. Train employees to treat the equipment with care.
4. Use proper tools associated with the formwork.
5. Reach out to manufacturers for questions and concerns."
- Jim Aylward, Western Forms

"Don't try to save money on form oil. Figure out what works best for you and keep it. Don't allow employees to use hammers to clean forms. Grease all grease fittings regularly. Take time to clean the inside of the forms." - Mike Vergona, Garden State Precast

To read the entire article go here. "Be Formal About Your Form Safety."


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete, Casting Solutions, Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Casting Supplies, Concrete Casting, Concrete Safety, Precast Concrete, Bio Gold Concrete Form Release, Gricote, Concrete Form Release Agent

Guide for Surface Finish of Formed Concrete

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on May 26, 2018 11:03:53 PM

(This week's post is a review of the American Society of Concrete Construction's "Guide for Surface Finish of Formed Concrete." You can read it at Google Books here.)

Amazon Book's summary (April 1, 1999), "Exactly what is a smooth-form finish? What is a rough-form finish? To what extent are bugholes, voids and fins acceptable in each type? This easy-to-use guide explains and illustrates the answers to these questions and, even more importantly, serves as the standard for the differences between as-cast structural concrete finishes. The succinct, yet thorough, text includes a glossary and a handy table on as-cast finishes. But the guide's Presentation Photos are what make it truly unique. Three sets of 6 different, full-scale photographs depict various as-cast finishes, with bugholes and voids ranging from 1/16" or less to 2" across. Attach a Presentation Photo to a bid or specification to show what surface finish is to be expected."

Surface Finish of Formed Concrete.jpg 

 

(Jan 1, 2005 edition from Google Books)

Form Release Agents

Release agents are differentiated from form coatings or sealers that are usually applied in liquid form to contact surfaces either during manufacture or in the field. Coatings and sealers serve one or more of the following purposes:

  • Alter the texture of the contact surface 
  • Improve the durability of the contact surface
  • protect the contact surface from moisture

Release agents, on the other hand, are applied to the contact surface of the forms to prevent bond to the concrete and thus facilitate stripping. They can be applied to form materials during manufacture or applied to the form before each use. Manufacturers' recommendations should be followed in the use of coatings, sealers, and release agents (Reference 10-11), but ACI 347 recommends independent investigation of performance before using a new product.

There is no ACI standard to define these products, but the term form oil is frequently applied to petroleum compounds originally intended for other applications such as diesel fuel or heating oil, while release agent more often refers to products containing proprietary reactive ingredients specifically formulated for use on concrete forms. Release agents are commonly classified on the basis of how they act instead of what is in them. The two basic categories are barrier agents and chemically active agents, sometimes called reactive agents. Some release agents are a combination of the two types.

Barrier type releases agents create a physical barrier between the form surface and the fresh concrete, preventing the concrete from sticking to the form. Familiar examples are home heating oil, diesel oil, and used motor oil. U.S. environmental regulations prohibit the sale of these commodities as release agents, but they have been widely used because they are inexpensive and readily available. They are applied in relatively thick films, covering 200 to 600 sq ft per gallon, and such heavy applications can increase surface staining and bugholes on the concrete surface. If coated forms are left for several days before concrete is placed, barrier oils may evaporate, possibly leading to some sticking of the concrete to the form.

Chemically active or reactive agents contain an active ingredient that may be dissolver in an oil-based carrier or emulsified in a water-based carrier. The active ingredient is typically some type of fatty acid derived from plant or animal sources, and it combines chemically with calcium ions in the fresh concrete. The reaction product is a thin layer of what chemists refer to as a grease or metallic soap or salt; non-water-soluble, it permits the form to release readily from the hardened concrete.

The reactive fatty acid components are generally considered biodegradable and have found favor in the past decade because of increasingly stringent environmental regulations. For similar reasons, manufacturers have also been turning to water-based carriers, which will probably be subject to freezing.

 


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

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 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete, Casting Solutions, Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Casting Supplies, Concrete Casting, Concrete Safety, Precast Concrete, Bio Gold Concrete Form Release, Gricote, Concrete Form Release Agent

Proper Use of Concrete Form Release Can Save Your Forms

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on May 10, 2018 2:37:49 PM

Concrete formwork is a major investment for a precast or prestress plant. Taking care of the forms extends form life and protects a valuable investment and contributes to a healthy bottom line.

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Care of concrete forms needs to be considered every time they are used. Steel form damage can occur with lack of cleaning or with too much use of wire brushes and sandblasting. Vibrators can damage form surfaces.

Proper selection and application of release agents is necessary for lower cost, producing the best product possible and for minimizing form clean up.

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There are two types of release agents but they can also be combined for some applications.

The first is the barrier type. They provide a barrier between the concrete and the form. Originally form oils were barrier types of diesel fuel, greases, used motor oil, etc. These produced a good release but lowered product quality by causing bug holes, and staining, resulting in poor product appearance. They hard to apply due to their high viscosity.

The second type of release agent is chemically active and react with lime in the concrete to produce a soap-like film on the form. This type of release agent is the most widely used. Because they are easily applied in a very stable thin film by spraying, wiping, or brushing, you can produce stain-free, void-free concrete surfaces even after the form has been exposed for a day or two. Reactive type release agents applied in a thin film allow the form to strip cleaner which saves on labor costs related to form cleaning and extends the life of the form.

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In September of 1999 release agent manufactures and concrete producers were required by the EPA to make and use limited VOC products. Some companies, including Hill and Griffith, saw this coming years in advance and were already producing VOC compliant products. Some states, such as California have stricter rules than that passed nationally.

There are four main application methods-spraying, wiping, mopping or brushing and dipping. Spraying is the most common method of application. Avoid over application to reduce your cost. An extremely thin film of release agent is all that is needed, "The thinner the better." Pump unit sprayers or centralized systems with air pressure regulators give a good consistent pressure and work well. Spray pressures of 35 to 50 psi are best. Higher pressures put more airborne particles in the air throughout the plant and can be harmful to personnel in the plant. Lower pressures cause puddling in the form, and wasted release agent. A flat fan spray nozzle of .1 or .2 gpm will spray a good thin release agent. Many of these thin, chemically active release agents are more expensive per gallon. But with coverage rates at 2000-2500 sq. ft. per gallon the cost is much less than a cheaper barrier release agent. A second type of application is wiping on the release agent. Architectural precasters like wiping the release agent on the form because over application is eliminated. Burial vault manufactures use a sponge for application because they clean the form each time as well. A third type of application is with mop or brush with which over application can be a problem. The mop or brush must be wrung out in order to achieve the desired results. Wipe up puddles. Dipping systems are fast, labor efficient, and assure total coverage of the form. And they collect the excess release agent that drains off the form.

The investment in forms needs to be protected from rust and corrosion, use grease, diesel fuel, or release agent. A better choice is a good rust preventative that offers quality protection, long life, ease of application, and easy removal.

Taking care of forms each time they are used can save thousands of dollars and make a concrete business more profitable.


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete, Casting Solutions, Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Casting Supplies, Precast Concrete, Gricote, Concrete Form Release

Construction Forming System Precast Concrete Release Agent Application

Posted by Hill and Griffith Company on May 1, 2017 5:42:12 PM

Care and Seasoning of Metal Forms and Rings

Would you ever have thought that you could make money just by walking around? That’s the first step (no pun intended) of a maintenance program for your metal forms and rings. Just by taking a look at these expensive pieces of equipment, you can tell whether or not they are getting the attention they need. If they are suffering from neglect, they can cost you later in terms of reduced longevity and deteriorated product quality. It helps to be armed with a little knowledge about form release agents, rust inhibitors and rust preventatives and how they react with metal. 

Read the full article here, by Bob Waterloo Technical Sales Manager of concrete release agents for The Hill and Griffith Co. in Greenwood, Ind.

Precast Concrete Release Agent Video 1.jpg 

 

(Video and image from Precise Forms, "Precise Forms is a family owned and operated business with sights set for aggressive contractors and their needs. Precise Forms manufactures standard and custom aluminum forming systems for foundations, basements, concrete homes, apartment complexes, precast, commercial structures, and agricultural buildings both nationally and internationally. The Dominator Forming System sgown is a taper tie system that can be used to create concrete homes, concrete commercial projects, or concrete precast boxes. The system can be hand set or ganged allowing for entire sections to be moved at one time saving both time and money. The Dominator creates straight, smooth walls with little to no deflection when properly braced.")


Hill and Griffith Customer Service

We're known for our hands on approach. Let us visit your plant and recommend concrete release agents, packerhead concrete form releases, concrete form seasoning, potable water concrete form release, non-petroleum concrete form release, biodegradable concrete form release, rust inhibitors and concrete dissolver products that suit your needs.

Hill and Griffith Samples

Product Samples

We are pleased to provide samples in quantities large enough to allow you to "try before you buy."
Contact Us »

 

Hill and Griffith Customer Service

Technical Services & Support

On-site casting defect investigations, product testing, machine start-ups and much more. Also, lab facilities are available to provide testing upon request.
Contact Us »

 

 Bulletins and Technical Papers for Concrete Casting Products

Tags: Concrete Casting Products, Concrete Release Agents, Concrete Casting Supplies, Gricote, Precast Concrete Dissolver

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