Hill and Griffith
20 Green Sand Casting Defects and Their Suggested Remedies
Originally published January 2017 by Mechanical Engineering
Probable causes and suggested remedies of various casting defects such as blow holes, shrinkage, porosity, misruns, hot tears, mental penetration, cold shuts, cuts and washes, inclusions, fusion, drops, shot metal, shift, crushes, rat-tails, swells, hard spot, run out, fins and fash, spongings and warpage are given in the below table.
Photo credit: Green Mechanic
Name of Casting Defect
Cuts and washes
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